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What is... Community Wealth Building?

By Dru Haynes - 6th January 2021

Each month, our section, 'What is...?' will take an unbiased look at terms often used but never really explained. This month, Communtiy Wealth Building.

Traditional economics are failing to address the economic challenges we now find ourselves facing. Following the global financial crisis in 2007/2008, local government budgets were among the first to     bear the brunt of austerity measures. Declining social care provision, unemployment, rising poverty and the loss of community facilities are just a few of the very visible marks of austerity which have fuelled the growing search for ways out of the vicious cycle of disinvestment that government cuts have brought about. It is this situation which has led to the growing interest in the concept of ‘community wealth building’.


Community Wealth Building (CWB) is a people-centred approach to local economic development, redirecting wealth back into the local economy and placing control and benefits into the hands oflocal people. Basically, the local council, in partnership with local residents, encourage ‘anchorinstitutions’, such as hospitals, universities, schools and other large-scale local employers, to spend more of their budgets locally, for example, by employing local contractors rather than outsourcing to large multinational companies. In turn, the local population and economy benefit as more of the wealth generated remains within the community.


There is no ‘one-size-fits-all’ model, meaning that each local experience of CWB may be different but what all the proposals have in common is their aim to improve the ability of communities to increase local asset ownership, safeguard jobs, create local prosperity and ensure local democratic control. It’s about moving in the direction of a different political-economic system tocreate an economy where we can all thrive.

Sounds good but there must be some drawbacks, right? For opponents, there are three main arguments. 

It’s protectionist  and  therefore  inefficient  -  every  council  in  the  UK  employing  this  strategy  will make the  UK  poorer  by  not  taking  advantage  of  cheaper  prices  elsewhere. A classic economists’ argument! In reality, local people do benefit from CWB. Admittedly, services may become a little more expensive but this is offset by residents earning more and experiencing a better quality of life. Another thing to consider is that shorter supply chains mean less environmental damage…


It could  end  up  in  cronyism  when  criteria  other  than  just  price  are  taken  into  account. It’s impossible to compare a potential democratic economy against the idea of the current ‘squeaky   clean’ system – you must at least compare ‘like for like’. 


Too many  meetings,  most  people  don’t  want  to  be  involved  in  economic  decision-making. At the very least residents would have the opportunity to get involved – join the decision-making groups if you want to and not if you don’t. The actions of our community throughout the Covid-19 pandemic has shown that a new world is not a distant pipe dreambut realisable now and communities which come together can shape a better future.